Seminole Soil & Water Conservation District
About Seminole SWCD
The mission of the Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District is to provide the administration of programs to conserve and promote healthy soils, water, forests and wildlife in Seminole County.
What We Do
The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District helps:
- Implement farm, ranch and forestland conservation practices to protect soil productivity, water quality and quantity, air quality and wildlife habitat;
- Conserve and restore wetlands, which purify water and provide habitat for birds, fish and other animals;
- Protect groundwater resources;
- Assist communities and homeowners in planting trees and other land cover to hold soil in place, clean the air, provide cover for wildlife, and beautify neighborhoods;
- Help developers control soil erosion and protect water and air quality during construction; and
- Reach out to communities and schools to teach the value of natural resources and encourage conservation efforts.
Seminole’s Soil and Water Conservation District works with community groups, homeowners associations, and local governments to help educate in the areas of conservation and in the best practices for the preservation of our natural resources.
We offer educational programs and materials that help people conserve the natural resources that make Seminole County the beautiful location that drew so many of us to this area. We offer advice and can provide materials that help residents make good choices in landscaping that are both Water-Wise and beautiful. We can also offer information about ways to conserve water inside and outside the home.
More about us…
A Historical Need
Conservation Districts were born out of necessity in the 1930 Dust Bowl when America’s topsoil rapidly eroded. At that time, Congress declared soil and water conservation a national policy priority, leading to the birth of the conservation district. It had taken a thousand years for Nature to build an inch of topsoil on the Southern Plains, but it took only minutes for one good blow to sweep it all away. The water level of lakes dropped by five feet or more. The wind picked up the dry soil that had nothing to hold it down. Great black clouds of dust began to blot out the sun. In some places, the dust drifted like snow, darkening the sky for days, covering even well-sealed homes with a thick layer of dust on everything. Dust storms engulfed entire towns. The primary impact area of the Dust Bowl, as it came to be known, was on the Southern Plains. The Northern Plains weren’t so badly affected, but the drought, dust, and agricultural decline were felt there as well. The agricultural devastation helped to lengthen the Great Depression, whose effects were felt worldwide.
One hundred million acres of the Southern Plains were turning into a wasteland. Large sections of five states were affected — Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico.
In 1932, the national weather bureau reported 14 dust storms. The next year, they were up to 38. The dust was so thick that people scooped up bucketsful while cleaning the house. Dust blocked exterior doors; to get outside, people had to climb out their windows and shovel the dust away. Dust coated everything. Nevertheless, farmers kept on plowing, hopeful that the rains would return in a matter of days, or perhaps months. In the spring of 1934, the massive drought-impacted 27 states severely and affected more than 75 percent of the country. It was the worst drought in U.S. history.
A meager existence
Families survived on cornbread, beans, and milk. People were beginning to give up hope, and a mass exodus — the largest migration in American history — ensued from the plains. Many families packed their belongings, piled them on their cars, and moved westward, fleeing the dust and desert of the Midwest for Washington, Oregon, and California. They were willing to work for any wage at all, planting and harvesting other people’s lands. When those families reached the borders of those western states, they were not well received — too many people already there were out of work. Many California farms were corporate-owned, meaning they were larger and more modernized than what the farmers were used to. Families often lived in tar-paper shacks with no floor or plumbing. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states toward the Pacific states. In the fall of 1934, with cattle feed depleted, the government began to buy and destroy thousands of starving livestock. Of all the government programs during that time, the cattle slaughter was the most wrenching for farmers. Although it was difficult for farmers to give up their herds, the cattle slaughter helped many of them avoid bankruptcy. In the spring of 1935, the wind blew 27 days and nights without stopping. People and animals began to die of suffocation and “dust pneumonia.”
For more information on the Dust Bowl, these references from the USDA are available.
Soil Conservation Begins
The government began to offer relief to farmers through President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. Roosevelt believed it was the federal government’s duty to help the American people get through the bad times. During the first three months of his presidency, a steady stream of bills was passed to relieve poverty, reduce unemployment and speed economic recovery. While these experimental programs did not end the Depression, the New Deal helped the American people immeasurably by taking care of their basic needs and giving them the dignity of work, and hope during trying times.
Hugh Hammond Bennett, who came to be known as “the father of soil conservation,” had been leading a campaign to reform farming practices well before Roosevelt became president. Bennett called for “…a tremendous national awakening to the need for action in bettering our agricultural practices.” He urged a new approach to farming in order to avoid similar catastrophes.
In April 1935, Bennett was on his way to testify before a Congressional committee about his soil conservation campaign when he learned of a dust storm blowing into the capitol from the western plains. At last, he believed that he would have tangible evidence of the results of bad farming practices. As the dust settled over Washington and blotted out the midday sun, Bennett exclaimed, “This, gentlemen, is what I have been talking about.” Congress responded by passing the Soil Conservation Act of 1935. In addition, the Roosevelt administration put its full weight and authority behind the improvement of farming techniques.
President Roosevelt ordered that the Civilian Conservation Corps plant a huge belt of more than 200 million trees from Canada to Abilene, Texas, to break the wind, hold water in the soil, and hold the soil itself in place. The administration also began to educate farmers on soil conservation and anti-erosion techniques, including crop rotation, strip farming, contour plowing, terracing, and other beneficial farming practices.
More references on the history of the National Regional Conservation Service (NRCS) and Conservation Districts are available.
Assist land owners in their efforts to secure financial assistance through Farm Bill Programs to implement conservation practices
Conservation education, programs and information
Assist growers with development of low volume irrigation systems
Develop and update irrigation water management plans
Soil surveys and historical maps
- Local government advice and assistance
- Youth education
- Invasive plant control
What We Do
Who We Are
We are an independent state agency that is responsible for carrying out a variety of natural resource stewardship programs here in Seminole County.
The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District serves all of Seminole County in the area of the conservation and stewardship of our natural resources. We use our resources to help both the residents and the community leaders in the county and in each city to use the natural resources wisely.
The Soil and Water Conservation District also remains dedicated to assisting the agricultural producers and ranchers who have been the backbone of Seminole County throughout our history. We are able to help farmers, growers and ranchers comply with state and federal regulations and to assist them in finding financial resources to implement conservation practices. In addition, we offer soil monitoring programs that control soil erosion. We lead community clean-ups of public lands and waterways.
Perhaps most importantly, the Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District reaches out to the schools to teach the value of protecting our natural resources. We offer programs such as the Envir-o-thon as well as a speech competition and a poster contest. These programs allow young people to learn both the science of conservation and the importance of proper stewardship and of seeking a better way of using our resources.
View our adopted Code of Ethics
View our adopted Bylaws of the SSWCD (Revised 5.12.2020)
The Seminole SWCD operates under Florida Statutes 582 under the Florida Legislature
Charter/creation document (Community development districts may reference Chapter 190, Florida Statutes – Community Development Districts, as the uniform charter, but must include information relating to any grant of special powers)Statute or statutes under which the special district operates, if different from the statute or statutes under which the special district was established. Suggest including Chapter 189, Florida Statutes – Uniform Special District Accountability Act.
The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District serves all of Seminole County in the area of the conservation and stewardship of our natural resources. (Map courtesy of Google Maps.)
Refer to the Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District By-Laws for specific responsibilities for each Supervisor.
The Chairperson presides over meetings and is the Primary Representative of the Soil and Water Board.
The Vice-Chair assumes the duties of the Chair when the Chair is absent and will succeed in the role of Chair in the event that the Chair resigns. Serves as Chairperson for special programs.
The Treasurer is responsible for the financial records and budget of the SSWCD.
The Secretary is responsible for maintaining an accurate set of records of meetings and filing records to the Supervisor of Elections and the Office of Agricultural Policy.
The Public Relations Officer is responsible for publicizing official documents and announcements of the SSWCD.
Associate Supervisors are appointed by the Board and assist Board Members with current and ongoing outreach programs.
The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District is made up of 5 elected officials who volunteer their time to provide the best land and water use management practices that will conserve, improve, and sustain the natural environment of Seminole County.
We are an independent state agency that is responsible for carrying out a variety of natural resource stewardship programs here in Seminole County. The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District serves all of Seminole County in the area of the conservation and stewardship of our natural resources. Board supervisors are elected and run county-wide, they serve staggered 4-year terms.
The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of county government and individual Commissioners serve as both legislative officers and fiscal representatives of the County. Acting in good faith and within their statutory authority, the Commissioners have wide discretion.
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services governs Soil and Water Conservation Districts and publishes the Florida Soil and Water Conservation Handbook which lists the state requirements and responsibilities in more detail. UF/IFAS also has a document outlining our responsibilities: Handbook of Florida Water Regulation: Soil and Water Conservation Districts
The District’s fiscal year runs from October 1st through September 30th annually.
To view the District’s annual financial report visit the Department of Financial Services:
This includes the final, complete audit report for the most recent completed fiscal year ending September 30.